The creation of a harmonious image of a courtyard located around a private house belongs to the varieties of landscape design. And if a decision is made to independently translate this creative activity into reality, you should analyze some of its aspects and principles, as well as get acquainted with the useful recommendations of specialists who will tell you how to design the courtyard of a private house so that it not only satisfies your taste, but also reflects the general the style of the site.
A beautiful yard is a fashion trend or a necessity
The external surroundings of the courtyard play a significant role, since it is it that is seen by households and guests entering the house. Therefore, it is important that the atmosphere in this space is conducive to pleasant pastime and relaxation.
You should carefully consider the location of flower beds and flower beds, green groups, various buildings, decorative elements decorating the garden. The design of the courtyard of a private house should be pleasing, attractive and harmonious at any time of the year.
Basic principles of design and planning
Unfortunately, not everyone has the opportunity to order a landscape design project for a courtyard area from professionals, since the pleasure is not cheap.
However, if you turn on your creative imagination and devote enough time and effort to transforming the courtyard, everyone can create a beautiful courtyard design with their own hands.
The key point is to define the house as the central dominant point of the entire surrounding landscape. It is he who will determine the style of the rest of the buildings, and in this direction it is important to achieve harmony of the future image of the courtyard with the design of the building.
When starting the design of the local area, they carefully study the entire site, since it is important to take into account its features. This will allow you to decide which design elements will be used, for example, with elevation differences.
- In such situations, free-standing arbors either look spectacular.
- A picturesque rock garden is no less organic in the design of the courtyard of a private house .
- Elements of vertical gardening, flowers in hanging pots will be appropriate.
- A smooth surface implies a clear planning of the placement of paths , flower beds , decorative ponds , plantings .
Before proceeding with the design of the courtyard, you need to decide on the need to erect utility rooms with the selection of a place for their location and the definition of design elements that will hide their possible not very spectacular external surfaces.
Depending on the area of the plot, the number of priority zones is calculated, among which there may be play and sports grounds, recreation areas, kitchen corners, etc.
Private courtyard areas
When determining the necessary zones, the area of the site must be taken into account. If there is not too much space, it will be possible to solve the problem by combining several functional elements. For example, you can successfully combine a terrace with a gazebo, a recreation area with a barbecue and a summer kitchen, a gazebo and a bathhouse.
Thinking over the possibility of receiving guests, they allocate a site where you can quickly and mobilely install a brazier or a barbecue stove, arrange folding garden furniture, fix small hanging umbrellas that save you from the direct sun.
Having decided on all the key elements, they build an accurate scale diagram. The diagram determines the direction of the tracks connecting the functional areas.
- A well-viewed area is allocated for children's corners.
- Parking for cars can be placed on the territory in front of the house.
- The recreation area will comfortably be located on the side of the house among a group of trees.
- A well-lit place is allocated for the beds, one of the side sides of the site is perfect for this.
- If there is enough space in the back of the house, then the greenhouse and vegetable garden are conveniently located there.
The previously drawn up plan should be carefully analyzed, the necessary adjustments should be made, and only after that you can proceed to the detailed planning directly on the site.
How to delimit zones in the garden
To delimit the courtyard of a private house into different zones, you can use a variety of landscape elements, the main thing is that each of them is harmoniously combined with each other. The most popular are the following techniques:
The design of the yard looks aesthetically pleasing if it has an arch. It is even better if climbing plants are planted next to it, which form beautiful inlets. Most often, arches are placed over the paths leading to the recreation area or playground.
Short, easy-to-cut shrubs form beautiful green fences. It is appropriate for them to allocate a small area of the lawn for outdoor games. If necessary, light furniture and a picnic can be arranged here.
A low fence - a strict wooden one, woven from willow rods or openwork plastic, painted in different colors, can be used to designate a sandbox. They look good in the role of garden beds, turning them into a decorative element of the landscape.
Stationary or portable bamboo, rattan, wicker screens perfectly protect from drafts, create the necessary shade.
They can be placed near a decorative reservoir, placing next to comfortable sun loungers, rocking chairs, children's swings. If necessary, such screens will allow you to hide from prying eyes.
Paths in the country: functionality and main purpose
On any site, suburban paths and paths are a necessary element. They perform several functions, ensuring the safety of movement, as well as being an element of the zoning of the site.
- They equip the paths for the summer cottage with the help of various materials. The most common option is to cover the paths with fine gravel or pebbles. More and more often there are types of this material painted in different shades, which bring amazing color spots into the surrounding space, making the site attractive and bright.
A static, reliable and durable surface of paths in the courtyard of a private house can be obtained using paving or concrete tiles. Trails made of cobblestone or brick look no less elegant.
Wood cuts pre-impregnated with decay compounds look original. Fill the remaining pockets between them with colored bark, sand or pebbles.
Such picturesque paths easily become a separate decorative zone, where sculptures of fancifully intertwined rhizomes and stumps in combination with plantings of juniper and conifers will be installed.
Beautiful courtyard design whose photo cannot but inspire
There are several objects that are increasingly appearing in the courtyards near a private house. These include:
- Artificial reservoirs;
- Comfortable recreation areas around the fire;
- Equipped barbecue areas;
- Multifunctional playgrounds.
Artificial reservoir in the yard
Water has always symbolized the harmony of life, served as a source of good mood and a charge of vivacity for the whole day, therefore it is often used when decorating the design of the courtyard of a private house with their own hands.
- Depending on the area of the site, you can equip a pool , a small pond , a cascade , a fountain or an ordinary stream on it .
- In spacious areas, it is appropriate to make voluminous stationary pools , choosing reliable materials. Most often, the pit is made concreted, since finding a large plastic mold is quite problematic.
For a decorative small pond, it is enough to dig a hole of any shape and cover it with a double layer of film, providing a sufficiently reliable waterproofing. The banks are reinforced with bricks, pebbles or small cobblestones.
Unfortunately, it is not always possible to create stationary reservoirs, so summer residents are increasingly resorting to the use of inflatable tanks. For decoration, reeds, undersized shrubs and bright flowers are planted nearby, emitting a delicate aroma.
With this water composition, the marsh iris looks great, and if there is a need to decorate the water surface, then containers with water lilies and lotuses can be placed in the pond. The surface may also have species of floating plants, such as bollard or duckweed.
If there is a waterfall on the site, an excellent corner for relaxation is created. The murmur of water jets sparkling in the sun relaxes and soothes.
Important! A waterfall can be purchased, either artificial, or made on your own by placing a pump in a water tank.
Rest area with hearth
The site where they equip a stove, outdoor fireplace, barbecue becomes a favorite place for the whole family. Here you can sit with friends, relax at home, cook barbecue and other delicious food on an open fire.
For convenience, a massive table and comfortable benches are installed. Such a corner is supplemented with sun loungers and hammocks. A good solution would be to equip a canopy to protect it from rain.
Open dining room
You don't have to build a dedicated dining area to enjoy your meal outdoors. You can level the area under the spreading trees and put garden sofas, a table, chairs there.
Registration of the courtyard of the summer cottage (photo)
If the house is located approximately in the center of the site, then usually a garage is built at the entrance, in front of which a parking space is organized. Thus, a sufficient amount of space remains on the back of the house, which, with proper design, can be turned into comfortable corners for rest.
A beautiful plot near the house can be obtained if you equip a dining area on it by erecting a low wooden platform surrounded by a hedge. It will be appropriate to lay out picturesque flower beds and flower beds nearby.
Important! It is more convenient to use folding furniture in order to clean it up as needed, freeing up space.
If the plot is spacious, then they put a massive stable furniture group. It can be folded from stone or made from solid wood. Such options look respectable and prestigious.
The design of the courtyard of a private house can be decorated with varieties of forged furniture. Wicker or rattan chairs, armchairs, tables look no less impressive.
It should be noted that the most easy to clean are plastic items, from which dirt can be easily removed with a jet of water. While wooden furniture must be constantly renewed with paint or varnish. Also, metal parts require maintenance, which should be protected from corrosion.
When placing a rest-oriented area in the backyard, it is advisable to level the surface, cover it with ordinary or colored pebbles. Stone slabs will provide a durable coating. As a fence, you can make a border from concrete or ceramic blocks. Bright accessories look great on such a site that will decorate the design of the courtyard of a private house and give it individuality.
A game or sports corner can be conveniently located next to the recreation area. Here they put a slide, a swing, complementing them with various sports equipment. The barbecue area is harmoniously located in the backyard. Usually, a stationary hearth with a canopy is installed and the necessary furniture is selected.
- Sophisticated lighting in the courtyard provides additional charm to the plot. Illuminated fountains, individual groups of plants, decorative sculptures, and the water surface of reservoirs look especially advantageous in the evening.
When creating sites for different zones, you can mount LED floor lamps, which in the dark create the feeling of stars glowing under your feet. Incredible mystery and originality are LED lamps mounted in special small platforms in the form of leaves and buds of water lilies, lilies floating on the water.
Advice! If it is necessary to illuminate the paths, they use not bright lanterns, located not high from the ground. Poles equipped with bright lanterns should be installed along the central path. This multi-tiered lighting becomes the pride of homeowners, as it turns the site into a wonderful, attractive sight.
Placing plants in the garden
By arranging plants in different groups, you can create a harmonious image of the area. This advantage is taken into account during planning.
Important! Coniferous varieties are not placed near sites, verandas and terraces, since the fallen needles will have to be constantly cleaned. It does not plant deciduous trees near water bodies, which will allow keeping the water clean longer.
The tallest varieties should not be placed in the center. They most favorably set off the distant borders of the territory. It is recommended to use flowering plant species in containers and hanging planters. They easily manage, for example, to transform the fence around the site, to decorate the gazebo or veranda.
When developing the design of the courtyard of a private house, you should think over every little thing. One of these important details is the use of decorative elements as decoration of the site.
The most popular are bright decorative sculptural images of animals, birds, fairy-tale characters. They can be made with your own hands from any available material, such as plastic bottles.
Figures cast from plaster or concrete look no less natural, however, special silicone molds are required to make them.
Colorful colorful fairy-tale characters, various art objects look great inside flower beds, on alpine hills. They give a special charm to playgrounds.
Figures of fish and frogs are in harmony with water bodies. Various dragonflies, bees, birds are perfectly combined with the greenery of trees, being placed on their branches.
If you are engaged in the design of your own local area in a systematic manner and without haste, then this activity will turn into an exciting work in which all household members will be able to show their artistic inclinations.
We hope that our article will help you create an original and beautiful design of the courtyard of a private house, photos of which you can later also post on the Internet for everyone to see.